Anti-aging skin care
The largest growth area in cosmetic facial treatment is related to aging. People are living longer and healthier and want their appearance to reflect their vital state of mind and health. The aging process begins when we enter the world and the effects of aging are evident in our bodies through out our lives. Looking forever young has never been so important than it is today, and with role models from for example film, stage and music displaying everlasting young features, it is not surprising that women of all ages are becoming increasingly aware of societies perception of the perfect woman.
The aging of the skin is mainly due to solar exposure and loss of hormones for example growth hormone, testosterone and estrogen. These two factors lead to excessive oxidation of collagen and elastin fibres resulting in ’crossing’. In newer skin, these fibres are usually found in thick bundles spread evenly under the skin surface. This 'crossing' leads to dimples and sagging of the skin.
It is impossible to stop the natural aging process, however it is possible to delay it. There are many options available to achieve this, including cosmetic surgery and medical treatments, however the most popular and most cost efficient solution, other than eating well and exercising regularly, is the use of anti aging products. These products can be for both cosmeceutical internal and external treatment.
Many women, and some men too, use anti aging skin care products. There are several different philosophies and beliefs behind the science of anti aging. Some people believe there is a lot of hype on the skin care creams frontier, when it comes to claiming the ability to reverse aging. Others believe firmly in the science and clinically proven studies. Two things are for certain: you should always read about products before purchasing them, and the only way to know for sure if a product works is to try it.
All your life, your skin has been making a first impression for you. It can reveal whether you're hot or cold, tired or rested, sick or healthy. Your skin provides protection from potentially lethal bacteria and viruses, and shields you from the sun's ultraviolet rays. To some extent, your genes determine how well your skin stands the test of time. But environmental factors, especially sun exposure, play the largest role. As the population ages, more and more people who are middle-aged or over will be diagnosed with skin disorders, some that will be life-threatening.
Depending on your age, skin type, genetic makeup, and sun exposure you may have begun to see the effects of skin damage including lines, wrinkles, and age spots. Other conditions that become more common with age include precancerous skin changes known as actinic keratosis. This report reviews these and other common conditions associated with aging skin and describe their treatments. There has been significant progress in treating aging skin. Advances in skin care techniques have made it possible to minimize and, in certain cases, reverse some of the damage that time and the environment have caused. New cosmetic techniques and procedures offer the possibility of a rejuvenated, more youthful appearance. From chemical peels and Botox injections to powerful lasers that can vaporize wrinkles and discolored spots, physicians and skin aestheticians have an array of tools in their arsenal to fight the signs of aging.
Of course, not everyone wants or needs anti-aging creams or cosmetic procedures. This report is intended as a guide to explain your skin's structure and what happens as it ages. The following pages also include information that can help you make informed choices about skin protection, and skin care products and procedures. A detailed section on procedures ranging from laser resurfacing to cosmetic surgery can help you decide whether such procedures might be right for you.
The skin care market is extremely wide and there are many different variations of products for all skin types. Leading brands include Lancome, Elizabeth Arden, L’oreal and Clarins. The choice between these products lies in the hands of the customer depending on their individual needs. Price is also a major factor in purchasing as a worthwhile anti aging regime may not just require one product. The customer may require an exfoliator to firstly remove the dead skin cells, followed by an aromatic plant cream. This enables time released nutrients which moisturise the skin throughout the day, moisture being one of the main factors in delaying the aging process. Firming cream may also be beneficial, which stabilises body contours and tones the skin. Revitalising cream is generally applied before going to bed, as it assists the skin renewal process, therefore regenerating and smoothing the skin, reducing wrinkles. Internal products should contain oxidants for example vitamins C and E, pyenogenol and grape seed extract. External products should be exfoliating to enable the superficial removal of dead skin cells.
Beginning in our 20's, the signs of aging start to become noticeable. Genetically programmed chronologic aging causes changes in collagen and elastin, the connective tissues that supply firmness and elasticity to the skin. The genetic program of individuals is different, so the loss of skin firmness and elasticity occurs at different rates and different times in one individual as compared to another.
Individuals over 40 years of age usually start to see fine lines and wrinkles, decreased skin thickness, uneven skin tone and texture, declining collagen and elastin production and barrier dysfunction - even dehydration. Dehydration can manifest itself as dry, brittle skin, which results from the loss of a lipid barrier that controls the amount of moisture lost to the atmosphere. The sun is another major culprit in the skin-aging process. Over time, cumulative sun exposure sets the stage for wrinkles, discolorations and skin cancer. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation accounts for 90% of the symptoms of premature skin aging, resulting in lines and wrinkles, lentigos (brown freckles), telangiectases (dilated capillaries), acne and dry complexion.
Approximately 90% of all changes in skin are due to prolonged exposure to sunlight. Ultraviolet light not only damages the DNA in the cells of the skin, but also inhibits the repair mechanisms that repair damaged skin cells. The breakdown or depletion of DNA, collagen, Elastin, hyaluronic acid and other supporting molecules in the dermis all lead to the clinical changes of facial aging. Wrinkles usually take 30 years to develop and are slow to remove. Most topical products are designed to moisturize and hydrate the skin, lessen fine lines, reduce roughness and pigmentation, and protect the skin from sun damage.
As skin becomes less elastic, it also becomes drier and underlying fat padding begins to disappear. With the loss of underlying support by fat padding and connective tissues, the skin begins to sag; it appears less supple and wrinkles form.
Although wrinkles, lines and age spots are formed by the natural effects of getting older, one way to prevent them from appearing early on in life is to avoid direct sunlight and use sunscreens with SPFs 15 or higher. And, although most of us have some form of sun-damaged skin, there are ways to regain healthy, smooth skin. After many years of research, scientists, dermatologists and plastic surgeons have discovered that a variety of natural ingredients and vitamin extracts significantly help slow down and even reverse the signs of aging skin. These ingredients are now found in many physician developed and physician recommended anti-aging skin care products, which are specified below.
Vitamin A (Retinol) - Topical Vitamin A has been suggested to help build collagen fibers within the skin in addition to its more superficial exfoliating property. This is the basis for its use in minimizing the appearance of fine wrinkle lines.
Vitamin C - Vitamin C or ascorbic acid acts as an antioxidant and is considered vital in wound healing because it aids in stabilizing collagen. When applied topically, vitamin C can reduce fine lines and wrinkles and may lessen the severity of sunburns.
Vitamin E - Vitamin E is another antioxidant that shows to have anti-inflammatory effects on the skin. When applied topically, vitamin E has been shown to improve moisturization, softness and smoothness and also provides modest photo protection.
Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs) - AHAs are designed to smooth fine lines and surface wrinkles, to improve skin texture and tone, to unblock and cleanse pores, to improve oily skin or acne, and to improve skin condition in general.
Glycolic Acid - Glycolic acid is the most active and beneficial of the Alpha-Hydroxy-Acids (AHAs) in skin care. Once inside the cells, the acid triggers new formations of collagen to plump cells and the ground substances in the skin to reduce wrinkles on the skin’s surface. Glycolic acid is proven to be very effective in the treatment of acne as well as in cosmetic uses.
N-6 furfuryladenine (kinetin) - The nature-identical plant growth factor, furfuryladenine, retards the aging of plant cells as well as in vitro human skin fibroblasts. This natural, anti-aging ingredient has been proven to reduce wrinkles and fine lines and is exclusively found in Kinerase creams and lotions. This is a proven alternative for people with sensitive skin or people who are sensitive to products containing Retinol and Vitamin C.
Copper Peptides – Copper Peptides are the latest scientific breakthrough in skin rejuvenation. Copper has been found to naturally firm the skin, enhance elasticity, and reduce fine lines and wrinkles.
Pal-KTTKS - Pal-KTTKS is an effective ingredient for reducing fine lines and wrinkles. It’s found to promote a smoother, younger complexion quickly, without with out expensive and painful chemical peels, surgery or injections.
Green Tea Extract - Green tea’s anti-inflammatory and anti-growth qualities are found in many skin care products designed to reduce the appearance of puffiness, wrinkles, fine lines and large pores.
TNS - The biotechnology of the skin's natural healing process has arrived with the first tissue repairing complex containing growth factors found in normal, healthy skin. Unlike anything else currently on the market, TNS is the next level of skin rejuvenation that delivers dramatic results, for smoother, softer, younger looking skin.