health care  
 
All about breast enhancement natural breast enhancement breast enlargement surgery breast augmentation surgery breast lift surgery breast reconstruction breast reduction breast implants

Breast reduction

Breast reduction is a surgical procedure performed in order to decrease the size of the breasts. Women with very large breasts (macromastia or mammary hyperplasia) seek breast reduction for relief of pain in the back, shoulder, and neck. They may also feel uncomfortable about their breast size and have difficulty finding clothing that will fit properly. Additionally, breast reduction may be needed after reconstructive surgery following the surgical removal of cancerous breast tissue (mastectomy), to make the breasts more symmetric. Men who have enlarged breasts (gynecomastia) may also be candidates for breast reduction. However, excessive alcohol intake, smoking marijuana, or using anabolic steroids may cause gynecomastia, and surgery is not recommended for men who continue to use these products.

The patient with very large breasts may suffer from a variety of symptoms . The weight of the breast tissue itself would cause problems; but the woman with large breasts finds that the position of this weight causes back strain and discomfort. The bra ultimately becomes an instrument of pain as the bra straps cut into the shoulders. The pull of gravity is now transferred to the shoulders and neck muscle resulting in more pain and muscle spasm. It is not uncommon in the most severe cases to see permanent grooves in the shoulders where the bra straps have exerted their pull. Some patients may even have scars in this area. Even with the best of bra support there may be some overlap and contact between the breast skin and the lower chest wall skin. Especially in the warmer climates this can create a chronic skin irritation called intertriginous dermatitis.

Patients have often been quite self conscious about their breast size and may have suffered from a variety of unwanted attention . This type of suffering is difficult to quantify but it is present to some degree in many patients with enlarged breasts. Breast size often interferes with the woman's ability to exercise. There is often direct interference with arm motion in certain sports, and there is the pain many of these women experience during jogging or running inspite of the support of the best bras available. This degree of breast hypertrophy(enlargement) may occur from shortly after the onset of puberty till old age. The operation of reduction mammaplasty is carried out to relieve the patient's symptoms and should not be confused with the so called "breast lift" or mastopexy procedure which is done for cosmetic purposes. The majority of insurance policies will cover medically indicated breast reduction but the mastopexy procedure is not covered since its purpose is cosmetic.

Breast reduction is usually performed for physical relief rather than simply cosmetic improvement. Most women who have the surgery are troubled by very large, sagging breasts that restrict their activities and cause them physical discomfort. In most cases, breast reduction isn't performed until a woman's breasts are fully developed; however, it can be done earlier if large breasts are causing serious physical discomfort. The best candidates are those who are mature enough to fully understand the procedure and have realistic expectations about the results. Breast reduction is not recommended for women who intend to breast-feed.

Breast reduction may also be called reduction mammaplasty. It is most often done in the hospital, under general anesthetic. However, studies have suggested that an outpatient procedure, using local anesthetic and mild sedation may be appropriate for some patients. The operation takes approximately two to four hours. The most commonly made incision encircles the areola (darkened area around the nipple) and extends downward and around the underside of the breast. This produces the least conspicuous scar. The excess tissue, fat, and skin are removed, and the nipple and areola are repositioned. In certain cases, liposuction (fat suctioning) is used to remove extra fat from the armpit area. A hospital stay of up to three days may be needed for recovery.

Before the surgery begins, your doctor will measure and mark on your breasts. Breast reduction surgery usually is performed under general anesthesia, which means that you won't be conscious during the procedure. Surgery generally lasts about three hours. Surgeons use different techniques, but the most common one involves an anchor-shaped incision that goes around the areola, down the breast toward the crease between the breast and abdomen, and then horizontally in the crease under the breast. The surgeon removes excess fat, breast tissue and skin to reduce the size of your breast. In most cases, the nipple and areola remain attached to the breast. If the breasts are very large and droopy, however, the surgeon may have to remove the nipple and areola and reattach them at a higher position. In this case, detaching the nipple and areola from their blood vessels and nerves causes them to permanently lose sensation and can result in the inability to breast-feed. After the surgery, an elastic bandage or special supportive bra is placed over gauze bandages and drainage tubes. The bandages and tubes are removed in a day or two. The bra will need to be worn around the clock for several weeks. Stitches are removed one to three weeks after the operation. Normal activities, including sexual relations may be restricted for several weeks. Scars will typically remain red, and perhaps lumpy for up to several months, but will gradually fade and become less noticeable. It may take up to a year before the breasts achieve their final position and size.

Breast reduction is a surgical procedure performed in order to decrease the size of the breasts. Women with very large breasts (macromastia or mammary hyperplasia) seek breast reduction for relief of pain in the back, shoulder, and neck. They may also feel uncomfortable about their breast size and have difficulty finding clothing that will fit properly. Additionally, breast reduction may be needed after reconstructive surgery following the surgical removal of cancerous breast tissue (mastectomy), to make the breasts more symmetric. Men who have enlarged breasts (gynecomastia) may also be candidates for breast reduction. However, excessive alcohol intake, smoking marijuana, or using anabolic steroids may cause gynecomastia, and surgery is not recommended for men who continue to use these products.

The patient with very large breasts may suffer from a variety of symptoms . The weight of the breast tissue itself would cause problems; but the woman with large breasts finds that the position of this weight causes back strain and discomfort. The bra ultimately becomes an instrument of pain as the bra straps cut into the shoulders. The pull of gravity is now transferred to the shoulders and neck muscle resulting in more pain and muscle spasm. It is not uncommon in the most severe cases to see permanent grooves in the shoulders where the bra straps have exerted their pull. Some patients may even have scars in this area. Even with the best of bra support there may be some overlap and contact between the breast skin and the lower chest wall skin. Especially in the warmer climates this can create a chronic skin irritation called intertriginous dermatitis.

Patients have often been quite self conscious about their breast size and may have suffered from a variety of unwanted attention . This type of suffering is difficult to quantify but it is present to some degree in many patients with enlarged breasts. Breast size often interferes with the woman's ability to exercise. There is often direct interference with arm motion in certain sports, and there is the pain many of these women experience during jogging or running inspite of the support of the best bras available. This degree of breast hypertrophy(enlargement) may occur from shortly after the onset of puberty till old age. The operation of reduction mammaplasty is carried out to relieve the patient's symptoms and should not be confused with the so called "breast lift" or mastopexy procedure which is done for cosmetic purposes. The majority of insurance policies will cover medically indicated breast reduction but the mastopexy procedure is not covered since its purpose is cosmetic.

Breast reduction is usually performed for physical relief rather than simply cosmetic improvement. Most women who have the surgery are troubled by very large, sagging breasts that restrict their activities and cause them physical discomfort. In most cases, breast reduction isn't performed until a woman's breasts are fully developed; however, it can be done earlier if large breasts are causing serious physical discomfort. The best candidates are those who are mature enough to fully understand the procedure and have realistic expectations about the results. Breast reduction is not recommended for women who intend to breast-feed.

Breast reduction may also be called reduction mammaplasty. It is most often done in the hospital, under general anesthetic. However, studies have suggested that an outpatient procedure, using local anesthetic and mild sedation may be appropriate for some patients. The operation takes approximately two to four hours. The most commonly made incision encircles the areola (darkened area around the nipple) and extends downward and around the underside of the breast. This produces the least conspicuous scar. The excess tissue, fat, and skin are removed, and the nipple and areola are repositioned. In certain cases, liposuction (fat suctioning) is used to remove extra fat from the armpit area. A hospital stay of up to three days may be needed for recovery.

Before the surgery begins, your doctor will measure and mark on your breasts. Breast reduction surgery usually is performed under general anesthesia, which means that you won't be conscious during the procedure. Surgery generally lasts about three hours. Surgeons use different techniques, but the most common one involves an anchor-shaped incision that goes around the areola, down the breast toward the crease between the breast and abdomen, and then horizontally in the crease under the breast. The surgeon removes excess fat, breast tissue and skin to reduce the size of your breast. In most cases, the nipple and areola remain attached to the breast. If the breasts are very large and droopy, however, the surgeon may have to remove the nipple and areola and reattach them at a higher position. In this case, detaching the nipple and areola from their blood vessels and nerves causes them to permanently lose sensation and can result in the inability to breast-feed.

After the surgery, an elastic bandage or special supportive bra is placed over gauze bandages and drainage tubes. The bandages and tubes are removed in a day or two. The bra will need to be worn around the clock for several weeks. Stitches are removed one to three weeks after the operation. Normal activities, including sexual relations may be restricted for several weeks. Scars will typically remain red, and perhaps lumpy for up to several months, but will gradually fade and become less noticeable. It may take up to a year before the breasts achieve their final position and size.

The breasts don't usually achieve their final shape immediately after surgery. It takes up to six months for everything to settle down. The scars from breast reduction surgery are noticeable and usually permanent, and they can remain lumpy and red for months. Most scars will become less noticeable over time and may fade to thin white lines. The scars are limited to the lower part of the breast and therefore will not show under low-cut tops and bathing suits. It may take a while to adjust to the new look. Women who have undergone this procedure should give themselves, their families, and their friends time to adjust. Be patient. Breast reduction surgery has the highest patient satisfaction rate of any of the cosmetic procedures. Nearly every woman who has this procedure is pleased with the outcome.

More information on breast enhancement

Breast enhancement - Breast enhancement is a procedure that is making a safe and just comeback after a bout of unfavorable publicity in the past.
Natural breast enhancement - Natural breast enhancement is the process of permanently or temporarily increasing the bust size by one or more bra cups.
Breast enlargement surgery - Breast enlargement surgery is a surgical procedure to enlarge small breast or breast that has lost their fullness.
Breast augmentation surgery - Breast augmentation is performed to enhance the appearance, size, and contour of a woman's breasts. Breast augmentation uses implants to help women achieve their desired breast size and shape.
Breast uplift surgery - Breast lift surgery, or mastopexy, raises and firm the breasts to restore the former, fuller appearance of the patient's bustline.
Breast reconstruction - Breast reconstruction is a surgical procedure to rebuild the contour of the breast, along with the nipple and areola if desired.
Breast reduction - Breast reduction is a surgical procedure performed in order to decrease the size of the breasts. Breast reduction may also be called reduction mammaplasty.
Breast implants - Breast implants are silicone rubber sacks filled with saline solution. Breast implants are used to enlarge a woman's breast through a procedure called breast augmentation.
Women's health Mainpage

Topics in women's health

Aging
Hysterectomy
Menopause
Menstruation
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
Disorders of the vulva
Breast health
Breast enhancement
Breast enlargement
Breast implants
Breast augmentation surgery
Breast reduction
Breast lift surgery
Breast reconstruction
Breast cancer
Cervical dysplasia
Endometriosis
Pregnancy
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Pelvic pain
Infertility
Female pattern hair loss


All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005, health-cares.net, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005