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Menstruation

Menstruation is a woman's monthly bleeding. It is also called menses, menstrual period, or period. When a woman has her period, she is menstruating. The menstrual blood is partly blood and partly tissue from the inside of the uterus (womb). It flows from the uterus through the small opening in the cervix, and passes out of the body through the vagina.

Most menstrual periods last from three to five days.

Menstruation is a very complicated process involving many different hormones, the woman's sex organs and the brain. A woman's internal sex organs consist of two ovaries, the Fallopian tubes, the uterus (womb) and the vagina. The ovaries contain the eggs with which the woman is born and, during each period, a single egg will usually ripen and mature due to the action of hormones circulating in the bloodstream. When the egg is mature it bursts from the ovary and drifts through the Fallopian tube down into the uterus. The lining of the uterus - the endometrium - has been thickened by the action of hormones and made ready to receive the fertilised egg.

If the egg is fertilized and the woman becomes pregnant, it will fasten itself onto the endometrium. If the egg is not fertilized, however, resultant hormonal changes cause the endometrium to slip away and menstruation begins. Menstrual discharge is composed of the endometrium itself, together with a little fresh blood caused by the breaking of very fine blood vessels within the endometrium as it detaches itself from the inside of the uterus. The amount of blood lost due to the normal monthly period is usually less than 80mls.

Menstruation, commonly called a woman's period, is the approximately monthly shedding of the lining of the uterus; the blood and tissues that have built up throughout the month preparing for fertilization leave the body through the vagina. This bleeding, which can last from 2 to 7 days, is a sign that conception has not taken place and that the woman is not pregnant. Menstruation is a normal, natural cyclic process occurring in all healthy adult women between puberty and menopause. Young women can begin to menstruate at any time between the ages of 8 and 18; mature women might experience menopause sometime between the ages of 40 and 60.

More information on menstruation

What is menstruation? - Menstruation is a woman's monthly bleeding. Menstruation is a very complicated process involving many different hormones, the woman's sex organs and the brain.
What is a normal menstrual cycle? - The menstrual cycle is a term used to describe the sequence of events that occur within a womenĄŻs body as it prepares for the possibility of pregnancy each month.
At what age does menstruation typically begin? - Girls start menstruating at the average age of 12. However, girls can begin menstruating as early as 8 years of age or as late as 16 years of age.
How often does a girl get her menstruation period? - Menstruation period happen about once a month. They last for four to seven days after which there is a pause of about 23 days (three weeks or so) until the next period.
How long does a woman have periods? - Women usually continue having periods until menopause. Menopause occurs around the age of 51, on average. The second part (from ovulation to onset of bleeding) is almost always 14 days long.
What kinds of problems do women have with their periods? - Women can have various kinds of problems with their periods, including pain, heavy bleeding, and skipped periods.
How often should I change my pad/tampon? - Sanitary napkins (pads) should be changed as often as necessary, before the pad is soaked with menstrual flow. Tampons should be changed often (at least every 4-8 hours).
What is amenorrhea (absence of menstruation)? - Amenorrhea is the absence of menstruation. There are two categories: primary amenorrhea and secondary amenorrhea.
Women's health Mainpage

Natural menopause product
Dong Quai, one of the most important of the Chinese tonic herbs, is used as a nourishing blood tonic and to regulate the menstrual cycle. Dong Quai helps to balance female hormones and to prevent the troublesome symptoms of menopause and PMS.

Topics in women's health

Aging
Hysterectomy
Menopause
Menstruation
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
Disorders of the vulva
Breast health
Breast enhancement
Breast enlargement
Breast implants
Breast augmentation surgery
Breast reduction
Breast lift surgery
Breast reconstruction
Breast cancer
Cervical dysplasia
Endometriosis
Pregnancy
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Pelvic pain
Infertility
Female pattern hair loss


All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005, health-cares.net, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005