health care  
All about premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) dysmenorrhea (menstrual cramps) causes of premenstrual syndrome diagnosis of PMS treatments of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) premenstrual syndrome medications herbal therapy to cure premenstrual syndrome premenstrual syndrome (PMS) diet premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)

What premenstrual syndrome (PMS) diet is suggested?

A daily diet based on general nutrition guidelines can help in overall well-being as well as premenstrual syndrome control. Eating sweets causes a sudden rise in blood sugar that triggers an insulin response, which results in a subsequent rapid fall in blood sugar levels. Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) can cause PMS-like symptoms such as irritability and fatigue. To avoid hypoglycemia, eat healthy meals at regular intervals throughout the day and avoid excess sugar.

Complex carbohydrates and proteins in healthy foods are digested and absorbed more slowly than refined sugar, insuring a steady, gradual supply of nutrients to the bloodstream. Nutritionists typically advise a diet that consists of 50% carbohydrates, 20% protein and 30% fat. In women with premenstrual syndrome, an attempt to change the diet to a ratio of 60/20/20 is advisable, but can be difficult to accomplish. Avoiding sodium may help control premenstrual fluid retention. Most Americans consume 4,000 to 6,000 mg of salt a day, and if the diet is composed of large amounts of processed foods, salt intake can approach 10,000 mg a day. If fluid retention is a troublesome symptom, restricting salt to 2,000 to 4,000 mg a day is advisable. Use the following basic principles of low-salt nutrition to gradually reduce your salt intake:
  • Eliminate table salt (season with herbs, lemon juice or vinegar)
  • To lessen bloating and water retention, avoid foods high in salt (sodium), especially in the week before your period.
  • Because diet may play a role in symptoms associated with low blood sugar, avoid candy, soda, and other sugary foods, especially in the week before your period. Eat fresh rather than processed food
  • Read food product labels for sodium amounts
  • Change your ordering patterns in restaurants

An adequate vitamin and mineral intake may also help with premenstrual syndrome symptoms.
Vitamin E: Studies do not agree about how much vitamin E may be helpful, but 300-400 IU per day is a safe dose that may be of benefit.

Calcium: Some women get relief being careful to take at least 1,200 mg of calcium per day, through a combination of normal eating and taking supplements.

Magnesium: Most studies that have evaluated magnesium have failed to show overall benefit. One study of magnesium (200 mg/day) with 50 mg of vitamin B6 showed a significant reduction in anxiety symptoms, compared to magnesium alone. Food sources of magnesium include nuts, legumes, whole grains, dark green vegetables, seafood (oysters), and meats.

More information on premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

What is premenstrual syndrome (PMS)? - Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is the name given to a group of physical and emotional symptoms that some women experience on a regular basis in relation to menstruation.
What are the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome? - Symptoms can be mild, moderate, or severe. Women can have premenstrual syndrome of varying duration and severity from cycle to cycle.
What is dysmenorrhea (menstrual cramps)? - Dysmenorrhea (menstrual cramps) is not considered a symptom of premenstrual syndrome. A woman can experience both premenstrual syndrome and dysmenorrhea.
What causes premenstrual syndrome (PMS)? - Lifestyle may play a significant role in premenstrual syndrome. Premenstrual syndrome involves inflammatory substances called prostaglandins.
How is the diagnosis of PMS made? - The diagnosis of premenstrual syndrome can only be made from the history. The most helpful diagnostic tool is the menstrual diary, which documents physical and emotional symptoms over months.
What treatments are for premenstrual syndrome (PMS)? - Different treatments are aimed at different causes of premenstrual syndrome, and different approaches may relieve some symptoms but not others.
What medicines can help for premenstrual syndrome treatment? - Anti-inflammatories prevent the body from producing prostaglandins. Hormones such as nafarelin (Synarel) and leuprolide (Lupron) prevent your body from releasing eggs and undergoing a menstrual cycle.
What herbal therapy is available for premenstrual syndrome? - Certain herbs have been evaluated for use in premenstrual syndrome. Many over-the-counter herbal preparations combine various herbs with certain vitamins to create a premenstrual syndrome formula.
What's the premenstrual syndrome (PMS) diet? - A daily diet based on general nutrition guidelines can help in overall well-being as well as premenstrual syndrome control. An adequate vitamin and mineral intake may help with premenstrual syndrome symptoms.
What is premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)? - Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a severe, disabling form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Women who experience PMDD may have abnormal reactions to normal hormone changes that occur with each menstrual cycle.
Women's health Mainpage

Natural Formula for PMS Relief
Herbal remedies are safe, effective and non-addictive, and have been used by herbalists for centuries to promote female reproductive health throughout the menstrual cycle. Formulated in convenient drop form, Femalite may be taken when needed for support during the premenstrual and menstrual period.

Topics in women's health

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
Disorders of the vulva
Breast health
Breast enhancement
Breast enlargement
Breast implants
Breast augmentation surgery
Breast reduction
Breast lift surgery
Breast reconstruction
Breast cancer
Cervical dysplasia
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Pelvic pain
Female pattern hair loss

All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005,, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005