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All about premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) dysmenorrhea (menstrual cramps) causes of premenstrual syndrome diagnosis of PMS treatments of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) premenstrual syndrome medications herbal therapy to cure premenstrual syndrome premenstrual syndrome (PMS) diet premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)

What are the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS)?

Different clusters of symptoms appear in different women but in an individual woman, the symptoms tend to be similar from cycle to cycle. The severity, however, may fluctuate fromcycle to cycle. Symptoms usually occur 7 to 10 days before menstruation and may intensify as menstruation approaches. Symptoms can be mild, moderate, or severe. Women can have premenstrual syndrome of varying duration and severity from cycle to cycle. The most frequent mood-related

symptoms of premenstrual syndrome include anger and irritability, anxiety, tension, depression, crying, oversensitivity, and exaggerated mood swings. The most frequent physical signs and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome include fatigue, bloating (due to fluid retention), weight gain, breast tenderness, acne, sleep disturbances with sleeping too much or too little (insomnia), and appetite changes with overeating or food cravings.

PMS symptoms include:
Fatigue: This is the most common symptom of premenstrual syndrome. Women with premenstrual syndrome may feel so tired they can barely get through the day. Some women also may have trouble sleeping at night.
Tension and irritability: A woman with premenstrual syndrome may feel very on edge. Small annoyances seem huge. Often her response is out of proportion to the problem.
Difficulty concentrating: Many women with premenstrual syndrome find it hard to do things that require concentration, such as balancing a checkbook, following recipes, or making business decisions. They may also be forgetful.
Anger: During premenstrual syndrome, normal feelings of anger are often exaggerated. A woman may be more argumentative and lash out at those around her.
Depression: . Sadness and crying easily are common feelings related to premenstrual syndrome. At times the sadness may feel profound and inconsolable.
Food cravings: Some women crave particular foods, such as sweets or salt. Others find their appetite for almost any food increases.
Breast tenderness: Many woman experience swelling and soreness around their nipples or breasts.
Bloating in the abdomen, hands, and legs: Some women with premenstrual syndrome gain weight. Others have fluid shifts to the abdomen, hands, and legs that make them feel uncomfortably swollen or puffy.
Headaches: Duration and severity of headaches vary from woman to woman, but are common during premenstrual syndrome.

If a woman suspects she has premenstrual syndrome, it is imperative to relate the occurrence of the symptoms to the menstrual cycle. However, it is equally important for a woman to evaluate the stresses in her professional and personal life, since these may have a significant impact on how premenstrual symptoms are expressed.

Some women experience very severe premenstrual syndrome. Symptoms of serious psychiatric problems, such as depression or panic attacks, are often most extreme during the premenstrual phase each month and studies have shown that women's suicide attempts, psychiatric hospital admissions, and violent criminal acts are most likely to occur in the premenstrual days. If a woman feels that she may hurt herself or someone else, she should seek immediate medical attention. Fortunately, this is extremely rare.

More information on premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

What is premenstrual syndrome (PMS)? - Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is the name given to a group of physical and emotional symptoms that some women experience on a regular basis in relation to menstruation.
What are the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome? - Symptoms can be mild, moderate, or severe. Women can have premenstrual syndrome of varying duration and severity from cycle to cycle.
What is dysmenorrhea (menstrual cramps)? - Dysmenorrhea (menstrual cramps) is not considered a symptom of premenstrual syndrome. A woman can experience both premenstrual syndrome and dysmenorrhea.
What causes premenstrual syndrome (PMS)? - Lifestyle may play a significant role in premenstrual syndrome. Premenstrual syndrome involves inflammatory substances called prostaglandins.
How is the diagnosis of PMS made? - The diagnosis of premenstrual syndrome can only be made from the history. The most helpful diagnostic tool is the menstrual diary, which documents physical and emotional symptoms over months.
What treatments are for premenstrual syndrome (PMS)? - Different treatments are aimed at different causes of premenstrual syndrome, and different approaches may relieve some symptoms but not others.
What medicines can help for premenstrual syndrome treatment? - Anti-inflammatories prevent the body from producing prostaglandins. Hormones such as nafarelin (Synarel) and leuprolide (Lupron) prevent your body from releasing eggs and undergoing a menstrual cycle.
What herbal therapy is available for premenstrual syndrome? - Certain herbs have been evaluated for use in premenstrual syndrome. Many over-the-counter herbal preparations combine various herbs with certain vitamins to create a premenstrual syndrome formula.
What's the premenstrual syndrome (PMS) diet? - A daily diet based on general nutrition guidelines can help in overall well-being as well as premenstrual syndrome control. An adequate vitamin and mineral intake may help with premenstrual syndrome symptoms.
What is premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)? - Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a severe, disabling form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Women who experience PMDD may have abnormal reactions to normal hormone changes that occur with each menstrual cycle.
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Natural Formula for PMS Relief
Herbal remedies are safe, effective and non-addictive, and have been used by herbalists for centuries to promote female reproductive health throughout the menstrual cycle. Formulated in convenient drop form, Femalite may be taken when needed for support during the premenstrual and menstrual period.

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All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005,, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005